Kenneth Womack | The Making of Penny Lane

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LONDON - JUNE 25: Rock and roll band "The Beatles" perform their song "All You Need Is Love" on "Our World" the first live satellite uplink performance broadcast to the world on June 25, 1967 in London, England. (L-R) Paul McCartney, John Lennon, Ringo Starr, George Harrison. (Photo by Michael Ochs Archives/Getty Images)

The following is an extract from Sound Pictures: The Life of Beatles Producer George Martin (The Later Years: 1966-2016) by Kenneth Womack, published by Orphans Publishing, 2018.  Republished in The London Magazine with permission. 

By January 1967, record-company brass on both sides of the Atlantic were clamoring for new Beatles product posthaste. And their concerns naturally cascaded around manager Brian Epstein, who turned to producer George Martin for a progress report. What Epstein really wanted, of course, was a dynamite single to usher in the new year—a means for reasserting the Beatles’ presence with a firecracker-like bang. “We need a single out, George, fast. What have you got?” Brian asked. “I want the best thing you’ve got.” As George later recalled, Brian “was determined to make up any lost ground” across the autumn and winter months of 1966, and, in the manager’s words, “to keep the Beatles firmly in the limelight’s brilliant blaze.” No problem, Martin had assured him. By this juncture, he knew that he was in possession of “a small collection of gems” in “Strawberry Fields Forever,” “When I’m Sixty-Four,” and the still-unfinished “Penny Lane.” “Realizing how desperate Brian was feeling,” George later recalled, “I decided to give him a super-strong combination, a double-punch that could not fail, an unbeatable linking of two all-time great songs: ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’ and ‘Penny Lane.’” Martin was so confident about the Beatles’ latest work that he went out on a limb, predicting unprecedented success for the upcoming release: “These songs would, I told him [Epstein], make a fantastic double-A-sided disc—better even than our other double-A-sided triumphs, ‘Day Tripper’ b/w ‘We Can Work It Out,’ and ‘Eleanor Rigby’ b/w ‘Yellow Submarine.’”

With the pressure building for the band to complete “Penny Lane” for a mid-February release, George and the bandmates were racing headlong toward a hard deadline for the first time since bringing Revolver to fruition in madcap style back in June 1966. And an overnight session on Tuesday, January 10, found the Beatles recording more overdubs onto take nine of “Penny Lane.” Much of the evening was devoted to working with an array of harmonies and sound effects, the most notable of which was the superimposition of a handbell. Scavenged from the studio trap room, Ringo Starr rang the handbell at key junctures in the song when the fireman and his fire engine are referenced.

BRIAN EPSTEIN, GEORGE MARTIN AND GEOFF EMERICK
The Beatles at Abbey Road Studios for the ‘Our World’ live television broadcast, London, Britain – 25 June 1967
(Rex Features via AP Images)

For George and the Beatles, the studio was dark on the evening of January 11. With the bandmates taking a rare day off, Paul McCartney stayed home at Cavendish Avenue, where he watched BBC Two’s Masterworks television series. That evening’s episode included a performance of Johann Sebastian Bach’s Brandenburg Concerto no. 2 in F Major by the Chamber Orchestra of Guildford Cathedral, featuring trumpeter David Mason, the principal player with London’s New Philharmonia and an internationally renowned musician. Watching Mason as he performed one of the most difficult trumpet pieces in Bach’s repertoire, McCartney was dazzled. When he reconvened with Martin and the other bandmates the next day, the Beatle was still gushing about Mason’s exploits. “What was that tiny little trumpet that fellow was playing? I couldn’t believe the sound he was making!” said McCartney. “That’s called a piccolo trumpet,” Martin replied, “and the chap playing it was David Mason, who happens to be a friend of mine.” With space for a solo still available at the heart of “Penny Lane,” McCartney was ecstatic. “Fantastic!” he told the producer. “Let’s get him in here and have him overdub it.” And Martin did just that, booking the distinguished player for a session less than a week later.

The recording sessions associated with “Penny Lane” would finally reach their fruition on Tuesday, January 17. Working an evening session in Studio 2 of EMI, George and the bandmates welcomed David Mason into their midst in order to provide the song’s finishing touches courtesy of an exquisite piccolo trumpet solo. While he was delighted at being able to meet McCartney’s expectations and book Mason for the session, Martin approached the evening with a degree of uncertainty. “We had had experience of professional musicians saying, ‘If the Beatles were real musicians, they’d know what they wanted us to play before we came into the studio.’” To Martin’s great relief, Mason “wasn’t like that at all. By then the Beatles were very big news anyway, and I think he was intrigued to be playing on one of their records, quite apart from being well paid for his trouble.” For the January 17 session, George had managed to secure the special Musicians’ Union fee of nearly twenty-eight pounds. This meant that Mason would receive nearly double the going rate for session musicians during that era.

As recording engineer Geoff Emerick later observed, the session proved to be dramatic in more ways than one:

True professional that he was, Mason played [his part] perfectly the first time through, including the extraordinarily demanding solo which ended on a note that was almost impossibly high. It was, quite simply, the performance of his life. And everyone knew it—except, obviously, Paul. As the final note faded to silence, he reached for the talkback mic. “Nice one, David,” Paul said matter-of-factly. “Can we try another pass?” There was a long moment of silence. “Another pass?” The trumpeter looked up at the control room helplessly. He seemed lost for words. Finally, he said softly, “Look, I’m sorry. I’m afraid I just can’t do it any better.” Mason knew that he had nailed it, that he had played everything note perfect and that it was a prodigious feat that he could not possibly top.

But it was Martin who quickly saved the day, turning to McCartney and saying, “Good God, you can’t possibly ask the man to do that again. It’s fantastic!” To his credit, McCartney quickly recovered, saying to Mason over the talkback, “Okay, thank you, David. You’re free to go now, released on your own recognizance.”

For his part, Mason would never forget his first brush with the Beatles that evening. “Although Paul seemed to be in charge, and I was the only one playing,” he later recalled, “the other three Beatles were there too. They all had funny clothes on, candy-striped trousers, floppy yellow bow ties, etc. I asked Paul if they’d been filming because it really looked like they had just come off a film set. John Lennon interjected, ‘Oh no, mate, we always dress like this!’” As with Alan Civil on Revolver’s “For No One,” Mason’s career would be largely defined by his work with the Fab Four. As he remarked years later, “I’ve spent a lifetime playing with top orchestras yet I’m most famous for playing on ‘Penny Lane!’” With Mason’s work complete, Martin was thrilled with the results, later writing that the piccolo trumpet solo “was unique, something that had never been done in rock music before, and it gave ‘Penny Lane’ a very distinct character.”

Released in the United Kingdom on February 17, 1967, “Strawberry Fields Forever” backed with “Penny Lane” proved to be an iconic, paradigm-shifting moment for Martin and the Beatles. Just as George had predicted it would be.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Words by Kenneth Womack. 

For more information on  Sound Pictures: The Life of Beatles Producer George Martin (The Later Years: 1966-2016), visit Orphans publishing.


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